Source CDC, updated February 2014

Each year trauma accounts for 41 million emergency department visits and 2.3 million hospital admissions across the nation.

Life Years Lost1 (2010, most recent available)
      Trauma injury accounts for 30% of all life years
        lost in the U.S.
      Cancer accounts for 16%
      Heart disease accounts for 12%

Because trauma is a disease affecting all ages of people, the impact on life years lost is equal to the life years lost from cancer, heart disease and HIV combined.

Economic Burden2
      $406 billion a year, including both health care costs
       and lost productivity

Deaths due to injury3 (2010, most recent available)
      180,811

Ranking as cause of death3
      #1 for age group 1-44, or 47% of all deaths in this age range
      #3 as leading cause of death overall, across all age groups

Burns4 (2013, most recent available)
      450,000 burn injuries require medical attention annually.
      40,000 hospitalizations related to burn injury.
      3,400 fire/burn/smoke inhalation deaths per year

Falls5 (2009, most recent available)
      Nearly one third of older adults experience a fall each year
      In 2009, over 8 million people were treated in emergency departments for nonfatal injuries
        related to falls; 2.2 million of these were people aged over 65 years, and over 581,000 of
        these were hospitalized.
      In 2008, more than 19,700 people died of fall-related injuries; over 17,700 were 65 years
        or older.


1 Life Years Lost: A measure to account for the age at which deaths occur, giving greater weight to deaths occurring at younger ages and lower weight to deaths occurring at older ages. The LYL (percentage of total) indicator measures the LYL due to a particular cause of death as a proportion of the total LYL lost due to premature mortality in the population. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. Web–based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS) [online]. Accessed February 17, 2014.

2 Finkelstein, E.A., Corso, P.S., & Miller, T.R. The Incidence and Economic Burden of Injuries in the United States. USA: Oxford University Press. 2006

3 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. Web–based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS) [online]. Accessed February 17, 2014.

4 American Burn Association National Burn Repository (2013 report) http://ameriburn.org/resources_factsheet.php

5 http://www.cdc.gov/HomeandRecreationalSafety/Falls/adultfalls.html

The Facts About Trauma in the U.S.


■ Trauma is the #1 cause of death for Americans between 1 and 44 years old.

■ Trauma is the #3 cause of death overall.

■ Each year, trauma accounts for 41 million
ER visits and 2 million
hospital admissions.

■ Trauma injury accounts for 30% of all life years lost.

■ The economic burden of trauma is more than $406 billion annually.

■ Each year, more than 180,000 people lose their lives to trauma.