Archive for May, 2014

IOM Report Seeks Input to Discussion of Data Sharing

Friday, May 2nd, 2014

In its 2014 report titled “Discussion Framework for Clinical Trial Data Sharing: Guiding Principles, Elements and Activities,” the Institute of Medicine (Committee on Strategies for Responsible Sharing of Clinical Trial Data; Board on Health Policy; Institute of Medicine)¬†asserts that in the past decade, the conversation has changed from whether data sharing should happen to how it can be carried out.

The report articulates the committee’s preliminary thoughts on the guiding principles that underpin the responsible sharing of clinical trial data. It also defines key elements of data and data sharing activities and describes a selected set of activities that can be part of a data sharing agreement.

Comprised of scientists, clinicians, funding entities, regulatory agencies, patients and others, the committee issues a broad request for input regarding the benefits, risks, interests, burdens and options to be considered in developing a standard set of guidelines for the practice of data sharing. Topics to be covered include global implementation, timing and prioritization, mitigating risks, enhancing incentives and measuring impact.

Comments may be submitted to the committee via the PROJECT WEBSITE:

CDC Report Highlights Unintentional Injury Among Top Five Preventable Causes of Death

Friday, May 2nd, 2014

In its May 2, 2014 Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, the Centers for Disease Control notes that unintentional injury remains among the top five potentially preventable causes of death in the United States. Nearly 37,000 deaths due to injury could be prevented each year, according to the CDC’s analysis (using data from the National Vital Statistics System from 2008-2010).

“Death rates are population health outcome measures that reflect the combined influences of multiple biological and social health determinants, public health efforts, and medical care,” the authors note. “Examining which diseases and injuries result in the greatest number of deaths in populations, particularly for deaths that occur earlier than expected, allows health officials to establish disease prevention goals, priorities, and strategies.

“Reducing the number of earlier than expected deaths from the leading causes of death requires risk factor reduction, screening, early intervention, and successful treatment of the disease or injury.”

The report bolster’s NTI’s contention that improved treatment of traumatic injury–via a rigorous and focused research agenda–can have a significant impact on mortality as well as on cost to society (the top five preventable causes of death account for 63% of all deaths in the U.S. — the next five most frequent causes account for a mere 12%).